These terms were then linked to a series of terms: Only three cohort studies have assessed secondhand smoke exposure and lung function Jaakkola et al. However, these findings provide limited support for a causal relationship because the temporality between exposure and lung function decrement cannot be established with this study design, and most of these studies lack information on dose-response relationships. However, some studies suggest that those improvements are only temporary. Longitudinal studies of active and passive smoking. However, further research on the relationship between secondhand smoke exposure and chronic respiratory symptoms needs to overcome the methodologic limitations of the available observational studies.
Health Risks of Secondhand Smoke
February 6, ; 64 4: Internationally, a growing number of nations, including France, Ireland, New Zealand, Norway, and Uruguay, require all workplaces, including bars and restaurants, to be smoke free. Sudden infant death syndrome SIDS More respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia More severe and frequent asthma attacks Ear infections Chronic cough Smoking during pregnancy is especially dangerous to the developing baby. More In Cancer A-Z. Arsenic Benzene Beryllium a toxic metal 1,3—Butadiene a hazardous gas Cadmium Chromium a metallic element Ethylene oxide Nickel a metallic element Polonium a radioactive chemical element Vinyl chloride Other toxic chemicals in secondhand smoke are suspected to cause cancer, including 1: In response to this fact, many medical expert groups have been working to encourage people to make their cars, as well as their homes, smoke-free. Children who grow up with parents who smoke are themselves more likely to smoke.
Health Effects of Secondhand Smoke | American Lung Association
To highlight the health risks from secondhand smoke, the National Cancer Institute, a component of the National Institutes of Health, holds meetings and conferences in states, counties, cities, or towns that are smoke free, unless specific circumstances justify an exception to this policy. Children and teens who smoke are affected by the same health problems that affect adults. Environmental tobacco smoke as a source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in settled household dust. Nicotine, cotinine, carbon monoxide , and other smoke-related chemicals have been found in the body fluids of nonsmokers exposed to secondhand smoke.
The Dangers of Secondhand Smoke
Description: What is Secondhand Smoke? Report on Carcinogens, Tenth Edition The American Academy Pediatrics AAP has conducted research on the effects of thirdhand smoke and found that it is also harmful. Separating smokers from non-smokers, cleaning the air, and ventilating buildings cannot keep non-smokers from being exposed to SHS. Department of Health and Human Services Healthy People , a comprehensive, nationwide health promotion and disease prevention agenda, includes the goal of reducing illness, disability, and death related to tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure.